There is growing awareness and concern in the State of Tamilnadu
(Population 60million) that AIDS will become a major health problem at the turn the century. It is estimated that prevalence of HIV among Sex workers in Chennai is nearly 10%. One of the reasons of great concern are the high prevalence and incidence rates of STI in Tamilnadu. It is estimated that at any given moment one out of 25 high risk adult men in the urban areas of the State is infected with an STI. Combined with the low usage rates of condom this will lead to an explosive increase in the spread of HIV.
From the available data is becomes clear that sex workers and clients in Chennai are now among the most severely hit by HIV and AIDS. Since HIV prevalence rates in the general population are still relatively low the most cost effective way of slowing the spread of HIV would be to make an assessment research of sex workers and their clients and followed by a rapid intervention.
The overall objective of the study is to reach the situation regarding prostitution in the Chennai and thus to provide the solid groundwork for designing strategies and approaches to halt HIV transmission in this circuit. The research will be explanatory and ethnographic – and will be a first step in development of intervention with the target groups of the sex workers and their clients in chennai.